Austria, officially the Republic of Austria,
is a landlocked country in Central Europe. As
the majority of its population speaks Germen, historically, Austria had been closely linked to Germany.
In 18 Century, Austria
was one of powerful country in Europe. Its
peak was Austrian dominated Austro-Hungarian Empire, which collapsed at the end
of WWI due to its defeat.
On 12 March 1938 German troops occupied the country and Hitler proclaimed
its Anschluss with Germany,
annexing it to the Third Reich, Austria
thus ceased to exist.
After the WWII, Austria,
as with Germany,
was also divided into a British, a French, a Soviet and an American Zone.
However, Austria was treated
slightly different than Germany.
It was treated as though, originally, it had been invaded by Germany.
On 15 May 1955, Austria
regained its independence by concluding the Austrian State Treaty with the Four
Occupying Powers and was declared by the Federal Parliament to be neutral.