Botswana, officially the Republic of Botswana,
is a landlocked nation in Southern Africa.
Citizens of Botswana
are Batswana, regardless of
ethnicity. It is bordered by South Africa, Namibia, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
The British Government on March
31, 1885 put "Bechuanaland"
under its protection. The northern territory
remained under direct administration as the Bechuanaland Protectorate and is
today's Botswana, while the
southern territory became part of the Cape
Colony and is now part of the
of South Africa. Bechuanaland
stamps were also used in Bechuanaland Protectorate until 1897.
Botswana adopted its new name after becoming
independent within the Commonwealth on September 30, 1966.
The economy, closely tied to
South Africa's, is dominated by mining, especially diamonds, tourism, and