The Commonwealth of Dominica, commonly
known as Dominica,
is an island nation in the Caribbean Sea. In
Latin, its name means "Sunday", which was the day on which it was
discovered by Columbus.
Because the island lies between two French overseas
departments, Guadeloupe to the north and Martinique to the south, and because
it was colonized by France
for a time, it is sometimes called "French Dominica". However, its
official language is English, though a French creole is commonly spoken.
Kingdom set up a government and made the
island a colony in 1805. The emancipation of African slaves occurred throughout
the British Empire in 1834, and, in 1838, Dominica became the first British
Caribbean colony to have a Black-controlled legislature. In 1896, the United Kingdom reassumed governmental control of
and turning it into a crown colony. Half a century later, from 1958 to 1962, Dominica became a province of the short-lived West Indies Federation. In 1978 Dominica
finally became an independent nation.