Gabon, officially the Gabonese Republic
is a country on the west coast of Central Africa.
Located on the equator, Gabon
is bordered by Equatorial Guinea,
Cameroon, the Republic of
the Congo, and the Atlantic
Ocean's Gulf of Guinea.
Gabon originally was under the control of French
West Africa. In 1886, it was united with French
Congo. In 1904, Gabon
was granted a certain degree of colonial autonomy which prevailed until 1934,
when it merged with French Equatorial Africa. Gabon Republic
was proclaimed Nov.28, 1958.
Low population density, abundant petroleum, and foreign
private investment have helped make Gabon
one of the most prosperous countries in Sub-Saharan Africa, with the highest HDI
and the third highest GDP per capita (after Equatorial
Guinea and Botswana) in the region.