Namibia, officially the Republic of Namibia,
is a country in southern Africa whose western border is the Atlantic
Ocean. It shares land borders with Angola,
Zambia, Botswana and South Africa. It gained
independence from South
Africa on 21 March 1990, following the Namibian
War of Independence.
The dry lands of Namibia were
inhabited since early times by Bushmen, Damara, and Namaqua, and since about
the 14th century AD by immigrating Bantu who came with the Bantu expansion.
Most of the territory became a German Imperial protectorate in 1884 and
remained a German colony until the end of World War I. In 1920, the League of
Nations mandated the country to South
Africa, which imposed its laws and, from
1948, its apartheid policy..
Uprisings and demands by African
leaders led the UN to assume direct responsibility over the territory. It
recognized the South West Africa People¡¯s Organisation (SWAPO) as the official
representative of the Namibian people in 1973. Namibia,
however, remained under South African administration during this time as South-West Africa. Following internal violence, South Africa installed an interim administration
in 1985. Namibia obtained
full independence from South
Africa in 1990.
Namibia has a population of 2.1 million
people and is one of the least densely populated countries in the world.