Land area is 9.84 square kilometers. Maximum elevation less than 5 m. Population according to the 2001 census was 357. As of 2006 the population of the island has shrunk to only 200 or so inhabitants according to the current mayor of the island.
In World War II, a substantial airstrip was built, which is still used today although flights are very irregular as of 2007.
A large passage in the lagoon allows inter-island ships
to enter the lagoon, and the island has become popular as a stopover for with
yachts crossing the Pacific from
Black pearl farming is the only significant economic activity on the island. The locally produced Rito hats, woven from coconut fiber, are considered the finest in the whole South Pacific. The present population of the island relies on the ocean for most of their food as well as locally grown plants such as coconut and breadfruit