St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is an island nation in the Lesser
Antilles chain of the Caribbean Sea, consists of the main island
of Saint Vincent and the northern
two-thirds of the Grenadines. The country has
a French and British colonial history and is now part of the Commonwealth
of Nations and CARICOM.
Carib Indians aggressively
prevented European settlement on St. Vincent
until the 18th century. Beginning in 1719, French settlers cultivated coffee,
tobacco, indigo, cotton, and sugar on plantations worked by enslaved Africans.
In 1763, St. Vincent was ceded to Britain. Restored to French rule in
1779, St. Vincent was regained by the British in 1783.
From 1763 until independence, St. Vincent passed through various stages of colonial
status under the British. A representative assembly was authorized in 1776,
Crown Colony government installed in 1877, a legislative council created in
1925, and universal adult suffrage granted in 1951. St.
Vincent was granted associate statehood status on October 27th,
1969, giving it complete control over its internal affairs. Following a
referendum in 1979, under Milton Cato St. Vincent and the Grenadines became the
last of the Windward Islands to gain
independence on the 10th anniversary of its associate statehood status, October