The Kingdom of Swaziland
is a landlocked, one of the smallest country in Africa, embedded between South Africa and Mozambique. The country is named
after the Swazi, a Bantu-speaking people.
indicating human activity dating back to the early Stone Age 200,000 years ago
have been found in the kingdom
of Swaziland. Prehistoric
rock art paintings date from ca. 25,000 B.C. and continue up to the 19th
Swaziland was an independent state in 19th century.
From 1894 to 1906, the South African Republic in the Transvaal claimed
sovereignty over Swaziland
but never fully established power. In 1906, Swaziland
was transferred to the British High Commissioner for South Africa. In 1934 Swaziland and Bechuanaland Protectorate came
under the administration of the British High Commissioner for Basutoland.
The country was granted independence within the Commonwealth
of Nations on September 6, 1968.